Google search is probably one of the greatest information tools available in modern day, but it isn’t a mind reader, contrary to popular belief.  Here are a few of the standard syntax tools you can use to fine tune your search and really focus in on useful summaries.

For a quick web-based interface to many of the syntax options below visit:


1.)  Negative Keyword
Syntax:  -‘keyword’
Example: Business –technology will show results for the word business but not the word technology.

2.)  File Type
Syntax:  filetype:’extension’
Example: Business technology filetype:pdf will show only results that you can download as a PDF file.

3.)  Synonyms Match
Syntax:  ~’keyword’
Example: ~technology will search for “technology” and synonyms of “technology”

4.)  Phrase Match
Syntax:  “phrase words”
Example: “Business technology” will not get results for someone who wrote “business and technology”.  Only exact phrases in order will return results.

5.) OR
Syntax: The ‘|’ symbol
Example:  Business + Technology|Tech|Technologies is a search for all of those possibilities (Business Technology or Business Tech or Business Technologies)

6.) Price Range
Syntax: $…$
Example: Laptop $100…$200 will show search results for laptops between $100 and $200 dollars.

7.) All in Text
Syntax: allintext:’keyword1’ ‘keyword2’ ‘keyword3 ‘
Example: allintext: business technology revenue will show search results for pages that have business technology revenue.


8.) Search Within
Syntax: site:’site name’
Example: will show only results from website.

9.) Date Search
Syntax: daterange:’yyyymm’ or ‘Julian calendar day’
Example: daterange: 201508 will find only information and news from August 2015.
Link to Julian converter:

10.)  Fill in the Blank
Syntax: ‘*’
Example: Business technology is * businesses will allow google to treat the star as a placeholder for any unknown term(s) and then find the best matches.

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